Tag: Ramayana (Page 1 of 4)

Mahabharat: Astika Parva

Astika upa parva is the fifth upa parva in the epic Mahabharat. The word Astika has many meanings in Sanskrit. In this context, Astika is taken as a believer of God. Astika was the name of a Rishi who stopped the serpent’s yajna of Janamejaya.

Churning of the milky ocean by demons and Gods
Samudra Manthana – Churning of the milky ocean

Astika was a peace lover. He supported non-violence. Astika used the method of oral request that was open to him since he had no power to command to stop the serpent’s yajna. He knew God exists in the hearts of the living beings, as narrated in the Bhagavadgeetha:

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Healthy Human Habits From Ramayana

Ayodhya was the capital city of Rama but his education was not yet completed when Vishwamitra Rishi had visited the Palace of Dasharatha. Vishwamitra Rishi was in search of an efficient man, say a prince, who possessed healthy habits. He had collected the data about Rama and selected him as a suitable person for his desired purpose of actions. Rama was not married then. He was always found accompanied by his younger brother Lakshmana. His character, conduct and integrity were beyond doubt and are not a matter to narrate, but his habits would be emphasized here. Habits could be practiced by observing a guide. Healthy human habits would certainly please the surrounding people and create a healthy society that would be able to cause longevity and happiness in life.

Rama, Sita and Lakshmana in the forest practising social distancing
Rama, Sita and Lakshmana in the forest
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Benefits Of Apprenticeship And Internship

Apprenticeship and internship are very old systems that could be seen in Ramayana. The style and words would differ, being in Sanskrit language.

The period of learning the work was called as the apprenticeship. Prior to the actual work, the teacher used to orally tell the verses and the disciple had to by heart them. When the disciple performed the works, the teacher would correct him in case mistakes had been committed. The case of Shunashepa and Vishwamitra could be stated as one of the examples for the apprenticeship in Ramayana.

Gurukula education system
Gurukula system
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Civil Engineering In Ramayana

Rama had lived in Ayodhya during his childhood and as an Emperor later. After receiving his basic education from Vasishta, he had gone to forests with Vishwamitra Rishi for higher education and thereby to get the skill in martial arts. After marriage, for the next fourteen years, he used to live in forests in order to fulfill his father’s words as befitting to the Raghu lineage. Hence, the construction of huts and hermits were necessitated for Rama, to live in the forests areas. Construction works have been taught in Gurukula system and management of projects were personally monitored by administrative aspirant people then and there, in those days.

Also, in those days there was not a separate pedagogical branch, such as now called Civil Engineering. But it was taught in the school of Vishwakarma to the aspirants, clubbed with other applied sciences. The palace of Rama was magnificent in all respects. All facilities as required in the case of a planned city were available in Ayodhya then.

Aerial view of Rama Sethu
Aerial view of Shri Rama Sethu
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Freedom In Ramayana

Rama was the ideal royal administrator of any time on this earth. One day, he expressed to conduct the Ashwamedha Yajna with his brothers, Lakshmana and Bharata, as per the decisions of the council of his advisors. Then, the brothers desired to know the effectiveness of the Ashwamedha yajna and fruitfulness after its completion. Many Rishis had visited Rama and he had acquired great experiences. In order to convince them, a live incident had been narrated by Rama as follows:

Ashwamedha horse running loose
Ashwamedha horse running freely
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The Five Fold Personality Of Rama

Rama was the incarnation of God Maha Vishnu. He had born as the son of king Dasharatha and queen Kausalya at Ayodhya. The history pertains to Treta Yuga. When Rama had completed his basic education under the tutorship of sage Vasishta, another sage, Vishwamitra, had appeared in the court of king Dasharatha and demanded Rama be his apprentice. Vishwamitra had a well-built body; he was also a one-time notorious king. But he decided, in his later life, the knowledge regarding the science of fighting and ability for killing should be abandoned and hence acted as a sage, a propagator of peace. Hence he taught the martial sciences to Rama, where his brother Lakshmana also intended to do his internship with him.

Rama, Sita, Lakshmana and Hanuman
Shri Ramachandra
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Chiranjeevis In Indian Epics

Ramayana and Mahabharata are great Indian epics. They have been written in Sanskrit language but translations are available in many languages, throughout the world. Each and every character of the epics had fulfilled their assigned roles during their lifetime and returned to heaven or hell according to their accumulated virtues or sins. Some of the souls could not return from this universe but their physical body had been disbursed into the five fundamental items, namely, earth, fire, water, air and sky.

Later, when God appeared in this world as incarnation, like God Rama or Krishna, they had trans granted such souls onto the appropriate end targets, generally in to the heaven. But there are certain relaxations to some persons. The services of Hanuman and Vibhishana were always found necessary in this universe by God Rama. Hence they had been granted uncountable span of life, to live always in this world, exhibiting their own desired choice of physical forms. Hanuman and Vibhishana were called Chiranjeevis of this world after Ramayana.  There are five more Chiranjeevis:

अश्वत्थामा बलिर्व्यासो हनुमांश्च विभीषणः ।
कृपः परशुरामश्च सप्तैते चिरजीविनः ॥
The seven immortals or Chiranjeevis
The Seven Chiranjeevis
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Angada In Ramayana

Angada was the son of Vali in Ramayana. Both Vali, the father of Angada, and Sugriva, his brother, were orphan children and brought up by Anusuya and Gauthama Rishi in their Ashram. Later, Sugriva and Vali had been adopted by Vriksharaja of Kishkindha. They became happy in that new land, after they were taken over by Vriksharaja. Vali had married Tara, the daughter of physician, Sushena, and Angada was their lone son. When Vali was killed by Rama, Angada was crowned as the prince of Kishkindha and Sugriva had become the king of that country.

Crown prince Angada
Prince Angada
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Dreams And Realities In Ramayana

Ramayana contained many subjects useful to human life. Originally, the verses were written by Valmiki Maharshi for teaching the children Lava and Kusha. The epic had been presented by him for the use of mankind later. At any time, to regularize the problems of life and to solve them as a reader would be possible after reading it. Researches had been done by the Indian Rishis in the field of dreams, realities and their mutual relevance and the necessities of such dreams also, centuries back. In Ramayana, dreams are referred many times and a few cases could be read as follows, for our knowledge. One must get some benefit by reading Ramayana.

Hanuman finds Sita in the Ashoka Vana, protected by Trijata
Hanuman finds Sita in the Ashoka Vana
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Mainda And Dwividha In Ramayana

In Ramayana, Mainda and Dwividha were monkeys. The area north from Prasravana Mountain and south from Godavary River, in India was the free moving zone of monkeys and called as Kishkindha. The main palace called Kishkindha palace was occupied by the Monkey King Sugriva and Angada was ruling as the forest prince, since his father was killed in a war.

Representative image of vanaras
Representative image of Vanaras
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